# Partially Contracted V-Notch Weir Excel Spreadsheets

## Where to Find a Partially Contracted V-Notch Weir Excel Spreadsheet

For background on fully contracted v notch weir calculations, see the article, “V-Notch Weir Calculator Excel Spreadsheet.”   That article gives general information about V notch weirs and equations and conditions required for fully contracted v notch weir calculations.

## Partially Contracted V Notch Weir Calculations for a 90o Notch Angle

The equation shown below is recommended by the U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation in their Water Measurement Manual (ref #1 below) for calculations with a partially contracted, 90o, v notch, sharp crested weir with free flow conditions and 0.4 ft < H < 2 ft (0.05 m < H < 0.38 m).

In U. S. units:  Q = 4.28H2.48, where Q is discharge in cfs and H is head over the weir in ft.

In S.I. units:  Q = 1.36H2.48, where Q is discharge in  m3/s and H is head over the weir in m.

The conditions for the v notch weir to be fully contracted are:

H/P < 1.2,    H/B < 0.4,    P > 0.33 ft (0.1 m),   B > 2 ft (0.6 m)

The diagram above shows the parameters H, P, θ and B for a v notch weir as used for open channel flow rate measurement in a partially contracted v-notch weir excel spreadsheet.

## Screenshot of a Partially Contracted V Notch Weir Excel Spreadsheet

The screenshot below shows a partially contracted v notch weir excel spreadsheet for making 90o, partially contracted v-notch weir calculations in U.S. units.  Based on specified values for H, P, & B (and a value for Ce from a graph on the spreadsheet), the spreadsheet checks on whether the required conditions for partially contracted flow are met and then calculates the flow rate, Q.  This Excel spreadsheet and others for v notch weir calculations are available in either U.S. or S.I. units at a very low cost (only \$11.95)  in our spreadsheet store.

References:

1. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, 2001 revised, 1997 third edition, Water Measurement Manual, available for online use or download at: http://www.usbr.gov/pmts/hydraulics_lab/pubs/wmm/index.htm.

2. Bengtson, Harlan H., “Sharp Crested Weirs for Open Channel Flow Measurement,” an Amazon Kindle ebook

3. Bengtson, Harlan H., Open Channel Flow III – Sharp Crested Weirs, an online continuing education course for PDH credit, http://www.online-pdh.com/engcourses/course/view.php?id=87

4. Munson, B. R., Young, D. F., & Okiishi, T. H., Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 4th Ed., New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc, 2002.

# Proportional Sutro Weir Design Spreadsheet

## Where to get Proportional Sutro Weir Design Spreadsheets

For proportional sutro weir design spreadsheets in either U.S. or S.I. units, click here to visit our spreadsheet store.  Obtain convenient, easy to use spreadsheets for proportional sutro weir design calculations at reasonable prices. Read on for information about the use of Excel spreadsheets for proportional sutro weir design.

## Principles of Proportional Sutro Weir Design

For the commonly used rectangular weir or V-notch weir, the flow rate over the weir increases as the head over the weir increases, but the flow rate increases at a faster rate than the head over the weir.  For some applications, it is desirable for the flow rate over a weir to be proportional to the head over the weir.  The sutro weir, also known as a proportional weir accomplishes this by having the width of the opening above the weir crest decrease with increasing head over the weir crest as shown in the diagram of a sutro weir at the right.  Equations that can be used for proportional sutro weir design are discussed in the next section.

## Equations for Proportional Sutro Weir Design

Equations for the base width and base height of a sutro weir are as follows:

• Wb  =  base width in ft (m for S.I. units)
• Hb  =  base height in ft (m for S.I. units)
• Hc  =  max height or curved portion of weir in ft (m for S.I. units)
• Qmax  =  design maximum flow over the weir in cfs (m3/s for S.I. units)
• Qmin  =  design minimum flow over the weir in cfs (m3/s for S.I. units)
• g = acceleration of gravity = 32.17 ft/s/s (9.81 m/s/s for S.I. units)

The equation for the curved portion of a proportional sutro weir is:

X and Z are position parameters as shown in the diagram above.  They will have the same units as Wb .

## A Screenshot for a Proportional Sutro Weir Design Spreadsheet

For a proportional sutro weir design spreadsheet with calculations in S.I. or U.S. units, or for other spreadsheets for open channel flow measurement calculations, see: www.engineeringexceltemplates.com

The Excel spreadsheet screenshot below shows part of a spreadsheet for proportional sutro weir design calculations, available  at our spreadsheet store in either U.S. or S.I. units at a very reasonable price.

Reference

Bengtson, Harlan H., Proportional Weir Design Equations,” an online blog article